#GlobalNews: 28 Oct - 3 Nov 16

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    13-19 Oct 2016

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    Children in creches ‘fare as well’ as those at home

    Kitty Holland. The Irish Times. 2 Nov 2016.



    [U.K.] [Ireland] 5-year-olds cared for in creches for the first 3 years of life are, overall, as emotionally and socially healthy as children looked after at home, according to a new report. The study from the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) finds that a range of other factors are of far greater importance for 5-year-olds’ emotional and social wellbeing than whether they were cared for in a creche or at home. These include social class, mental health of parents, number of parents, children’s own health and their gender. High quality care in a centre can actually offset the potential negative impacts of social disadvantage and family factors, the report notes.


    Care provided by relatives at age 3 was assessed by parents as giving rise to somewhat fewer socio-emotional difficulties and by teachers and parents to result in better social skills by age 5. Children cared for by non-relatives, such as a childminder, at age 3 were rated by parents and teachers as having fewer emotional difficulties than children in full-time parental care.


    Abused children more likely to be seriously ill as adults, says report

    Steven Morris. The Guardian. 1 Nov 2016.



    [U.K.] Children who suffer abuse, violence or other trauma at home are more likely to become seriously ill as adults, a report has concluded. The study says children who endure four or more adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are more than twice as likely to be diagnosed with a chronic disease in later life compared with those who have experienced none. They are 4 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, 3 times more likely to develop heart disease and 3 times more likely to develop respiratory disease, according to the report from Public Health Wales.


    It points out there is growing evidence that in addition early life trauma leads to changes in neurological, immunological and hormonal development that have detrimental effects on health across a lifetime. Children who are constantly exposed to stress can become permanently prepared to respond to further trauma – which can increase strain on the body. 




    Government pledges to tackle 'prejudices' stopping people with disabilities from being employed 

    Gavin Cordon. The Independent. 31 Oct 2016.



    [U.K.] Ministers are promising to confront the “prejudices and misunderstandings” preventing people with disabilities and long-term health conditions from finding work with the publication of wide-ranging proposals to help more back into employment. The health and work green paper is intended to highlight how early treatment for mental and physical conditions can help keep people in work, to the benefit of their health and social wellbeing, while easing pressure on the National Health Service (NHS).


    Among the measures planned is a review of the system of statutory sick pay and GP “fit notes” to encourage people to make “phased” returns to work as they recover. The Government is consulting on reform of the Work Capability Assessment tests for disability benefits to deliver more “targeted and personalised” support for claimants. Employers will be encouraged to work with staff with long-term conditions to stop them falling out of work while Jobcentre Plus work coaches will help direct claimants to therapy.




    Elderly people teach Japanese through IT 

    The Japan News. 28 Oct 2016.



    [Japan] An information technology company based in Kashiwa, Chiba Prefecture, has started employing elderly people to teach Japanese to people overseas via online video calls. The aim is to connect elderly people who tend to become isolated, such as those living in nursing homes, with foreigners who have few opportunities to study Japanese with a native speaker. The project, which was launched free of charge on a trial basis in August, is the brainchild of Manabu Goto, the 25-year-old president of Helte Co., an IT company based in Kashiwa. He came up with the idea to connect elderly people in Japan with young people overseas, and started his company. He installed a system that displays large-size text on the tablets to make them easier for elderly people to use. He visited elderly housing facilities, nursing homes and other places in the city to generate interest.




    More young men shunning marriage 

    The Japan News. 2 Nov 2016.



    [Japan] The percentage of men in their 20s who did not wish to marry surpassed 20% in a survey conducted in fiscal 2015, nearly twice the level in a previous survey in fiscal 2008, according to results released by the National Institution for Youth Education. The surveys show women in the same age group have become more polarized, with more respondents saying either they wished to marry as soon as possible or they did not wish to marry at all. Moreover, the number of respondents in this generation who did not wish to have a child doubled. A Tokyo-based independent administrative institution, the National Institution for Youth Education cites low incomes among young generations as the main factor behind these trends. Among those who earned annual incomes of less than ¥3 million, more than 70% cited financial difficulties.




    Households on welfare hit record high in Aug. 

    The Japan News. 3 Nov 2016.



    [Japan] The number of households on welfare increased for the fourth straight month in August, scoring a record high, the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry said. The number rose by 1,877 from the previous month to 1,636,636. “Although the employment situation is improving thanks to economic recovery, the number of single-member elderly households on welfare is increasing significantly,” a ministry official said. Elderly recipient households, made up of those aged at least 65 or elderly people plus members younger than 18, accounted for 51.3% of the total, numbering 834,621. Among them, about 90% or 756,320, were single-member households.




    Nearly one in four older teenage girls have self-harmed 

    Colin Gleeson. The Irish Times. 3 Nov 2016.



    [Ireland] Almost a quarter of girls aged 17-18 have self-harmed, according to the latest report from the Economic and Social Research Institute’s Growing Up in Ireland study. The research findings, to be published today in the latest report from the national longitudinal study of children, are the first results from interviews with more than 6,000 17-18-year-olds who have been participating in the study since 2007.


    The study shows 17% have “hurt [themselves] on purpose” with 11% having done so in the past year. Self-harming was twice as common among girls (23%) as boys (12%). 1 in 10 reported that they had been diagnosed with depression, anxiety or both by a medical professional. Girls were more likely than boys to report having received a diagnosis (13% compared with 8%). The vast majority of young people felt they could rely on their parents and were not disappointed by them, although about 10 per cent said they often or always felt let down by a parent.



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